National Institute of Nutrition (NIN), Hyderabad has informed that as per the National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB) survey (2011-12) carried out in 10 states viz., Kerala, Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh, the average consumption of visible fat (oils & fats) is 15gms/CU/day, which is 75% of Recommended Dietary Intake (RDIs) for Indians. The RDI for fat is 20gms/CU/day. State-wise detail of Average consumption of fats and oils per day are given below:-
Average HouseHold consumption of fats & oils (g/CU/day) by the NNMB States
|Sl.No.||State||Fats & Oils (g)|
Source: NNMB Technical Report No.26, 2012. Diet and Nutritional Status of the rural population, Prevalence of Hypertension & Diabetes among adults and infant & child feeding practices.
Anyone consuming 75% of RDI of fat is not likely to suffer from fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies. Besides, invisible fats are also consumed through normal food. Further, NIN, Hyderabad has informed that the prevalence of Bitot’s spots an objective sign of Vitamin A (fat-soluble vitamin) deficiency (VAD) among pre-school children has declined over the years from 1.8% in 1975-79 to 0.2% in 2011-12.
Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), has informed that the National Nutrition Policy, 1993, highlighting the direct and indirect policy interventions, inter-alia, lays emphasis on the popularization of low-cost nutritious foods, improvement of dietary pattern; basic health and nutrition knowledge, etc. Nutrition education of the people, individually and collectively, forms an integral component of several programs/schemes such as the National Health Mission (NHM). Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Schemes etc. and is undertaken by using the mass media. Besides nutrition education, Schemes/programs such as Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG), named SABLA, and the Mid-day Meal Scheme (MDM) also provide supplementary nutrition/ meals through targeted interventions. The responsibility of implementation of most of the above schemes lies with State Governments/Union Territory Administrations.
The Health Minister, Shri J P Nadda stated this in a written reply in the LokSabha here today.
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