Food & Drinks UPSC GS

Report of UN World Food Programme

Report of UN World Food Programme

The report prepared in collaboration between Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation and World Food Programme, provides a baseline using the available data from government sources which will be updated to measure the progress over a period of time as and when the new datasets of government are released.  The analysis shows annual decline in rate of stunting during the period 2005-2006 to 2015-16.

Statement of time series of yield of major agricultural crops upto 3rd Advance Estimates 2018-19 is at Annex-A.

As per the Report of Nutritional Intake in India, 2011-12 published under 68th round of National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), the average dietary energy intake per person per day was 2233 Kcal for rural India and 2206 Kcal for urban India, which is lower than Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of 2320 Kcal.

The Government has set up POSHAN Abhiyaan on 18.12.2017 for a three year time frame, commencing from 2017-18. The Abhiyaan aims to reduce malnutrition in the Country in a phased manner, through a life cycle approach, by adopting a synergised and result oriented approach. The Abhiyaan will ensure mechanisms for timely service delivery and a robust monitoring as well as intervention infrastructure. The target of the Abhiyaan is to reduce stunting in children (0-6 years), under-nutrition (underweight prevalence) in children (0-6 years) and Low Birth Weight @2% per annum and reduce anaemia among young children (6-59 months), women and adolescent girls @3% per annum across the country. The major works undertaken under this Abhiyaan are ensuring convergence with various other programmes; Information Technology enabled Common Application Software for strengthening service delivery and interventions; Community Mobilization and Awareness Advocacy leading to Jan Andolan- to educate the people on nutritional aspects; Capacity Building of Frontline Functionaries and incentivizing States/ UTs for achieving goals.

All India Estimates of Yield of Foodgrains during 2003-04 to 2018-19

Kg/Hectare

CropSeason2003-042004-052005-062006-072007-082008-092009-102010-112011-122012-132013-142014-152015-162016-172017-182018-19
RiceKharif2004188319902024209420812018212023112374231922952305241724692568
Rabi2947307731273130315930193064318432383352323232913382323035313416
Total2078198421022131220221782125223923932462241623912400249425762647
WheatRabi2713260226192708280229072839298931773117314527503034320033683424
JowarKharif10859871082992117610558531119125711711050101485095411041134
Rabi377641726727894904865827741644896808615730853773
Total7167978808441021962860949957850957884697812956913
BajraKharif114185980288610421015731107911711198118412551132130512311236
MaizeKharif1932174017991660212220481740228522342244234622492236241327062725
Rabi2987322430763793385443873694400337654156405044144006389644365102
Total2041190719381912233524142024254024782567267626322563268930653098
RagiKharif1180156715341226155214771489170516411392166117061601136316621358
Small MilletsKharif473434443475530491460553565583630655601714804725
BarleyRabi1975195819382055198523942172235725162518271822802439266326952617
Coarse CerealsKharif1314116811781144141013711119150015631583161916331544170818181867
Rabi858110211521316151017351525164116891725203419151686188523232381
Total1221115311721182143114591212153115901617171717031579175019341973
CerealsKharif1739161816931706184518411693189220562116208920812065218822592354
Rabi2413238224272526264627222650280129692932299526812862301032393299
Total1983190319682020215121832075225624152449246223312393252526572733
Tur (Arhar)Kharif670667765650826671711655662776813729646913967739
GramRabi811815808845762895915895928103696088984097410781078
UradKharif430382386412475419363557523606490516459626632641
Rabi426552540640405506586489621682768891773656798753
Total430419419470457440418542549623555604537632662662
MoongKharif502295277328410348180538475400409428363488440473
Rabi390420414434400423409404508538620640554546600637
Total480317304349409364226513483438474498416500477502
LentillRabi74367562862162269369759167879775970576583810471036
Other Kharif PulsesKharif466239237309405367200511420377409474385409441369
Other Rabi PulsesRabi730673687654674737753708765840816833766867957925
PulsesKharif528417456449557478397578541594580573489667668595
Rabi74373672975268980682579183293689184279689810151007
Total636577598613625660630691699789763728656786853803
FoodgrainsKharif1551143015111522164416541496166918211892186418621808189019512001
Rabi2004198920202092217622652203228024312432243522322342244126032665
Total1727165217161757186019091798193020792129212020282042212922352283

As per third Advance Estimates

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, SmritiZubinIrani, in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today. Source :- https://pib.gov.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=191914

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