Harphool Jat Julaniwala

Harphool Jaat:- Attacked Slaughterhouses, Released 1000s of Cows during British Rule. -Born in Julani, Jind, Haryana in 1892. -Joined British Army and participated in WW1, but left noticing increased British oppression of natives in the motherland, -Once saved children of a British Colonel, -Rewarded a folding gun at retirement. -When he returned home, his mother was already dead, -He was not able to hear the grief and went to the forest, -There he met a Sadhu who also reared cows. -He consoled him and explained how Cow is a mother too, -Ever Since, he considered Cow as a mother and took care of them.

Harphool Jat Julaniwala
Harphool Jat Julaniwala

History - Legendary People - Freedom Fighters- Harphool Jat Julaniwala

Harphool Jat Julaniwala (हरफूल जाट जुलानिवाला) (Sheoran) was a soldier, born in village Barwas in tahsil Loharu of Bhiwani district in 1892 in the family of Ratna as per Haryana Abhilekhagar. According to some local people, he was in Indrayan Pana of Barwas Bawani village and his father's name was Chatru Ram and his Grandfather was Kita Ram. He was popularly known as Harphul Jat Julani Aala. About him, a local song Alah has been sung by many people in the Haryanvi dialect. He acted against the injustice to the community or individuals. He was considered as a Haryanvi version of 'Robin.

Moved to Julani Later, some members of his family migrated to village Julani, tahsil and district Jind and some of his descendants are still living in Barwas. When Harphool was a child, the countryside faced a severe drought of 1899 called chhapana Akal. His father was badly affected by the plague during the famine and died. Harphool, along with his maternal uncle, moved to village Sandowa in Bhiwani district in search of livelihood where he stayed with his relatives.

It is said that after the death of his father, his mother married her devar, Ratna. Finding life difficult at Sandown, the family came back to Julani. His close uncle denied his share in the land and conspired with villagers to get Harphool arrested by Jind Police. He was badly tortured by the police but released after some time.

Then, Harphool joined Indian Army. He served there for ten years and also took part in the First World War. During this period, he saved the lives of children of one British Colonel when they were surrounded by enemies. The British officers were very pleased with this act of his bravery.

When he left the army he was asked - what he would like as a gift? He asked for a folding gun as a reward which was granted to him. When Harphool returned to his village the first thing he did was to shoot the police officer of Tohana, who had illegally arrested him and tortured him.

He called for the sabha of village Panchayat in which he demanded settling of his share in the family agricultural land. But, except for Chaudhary Kurda Ram, none supported his claim. Aggrieved by this injustice, he shot his step-brothers because they caused his mother's death and were not giving his due share on his land. After that, he became truant (bhagoda) and spent life here and there in Jind and Loharu areas.

A great protector of Cows: He was a great protector of Cows. He destructed so many Boochadkhanas (Slaughter House) in which Cows were being killed. He had great respect for cows and killed the butchers on a large scale. One such incidence is still remembered by the people of his area. It occurred on 23 July 1930 at village Tohana where there was a Kasaiwada (butchers'lace) for killing cows.

The Muslim Ranghars were the people who were doing this heinous act. They did not stop the cow slaughter in spite of strong local opposition.

The Nain Khap of 52 villages had attacked this slaughterhouse many times but could not succeed. At this moment, villagers asked for the support of Harphool and he readily agreed. As per his plan disguised as a woman, he killed all Muslim Ranghars of Tohana Slaughter House on 23 July 1930 and freed all the cows which were due to be butchered. After this, he also destroyed the slaughterhouses of Jind, Narwana, Gohana and Rohtak.

These incidents brought him into the limelight at the national level. The Nain Khap of 52 villages awarded him the title of Sawa Sher. During this period he helped many poor families. Apart from his love for cows, he was also very supportive of the poor and oppressed people.

He had great respect for the womenfolk. He provided instant justice to the poor people so much that he used to be called a mobile court. Hanged to Death: When he was underground, police had declared an award for his arrest. Once when he was staying at his sister's house at village Pacheri Kalan in Buhana tahsil district Jhunjhunu, he was arrested while in sleep.

Here in this village, he had friendly relations with a Thakur of Pacheri, who is believed to have informed the Police. Some people say he was cheated by his Brahman muhboli behan's husband, who informed police about his stay. He was hanged to death by the Police in 1936 at Firozpur jail. His dead body was not handed over to the relatives out of fear that there might be rebellion in his favour.