Hiroshima Day : August 06
Hiroshima is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture in Japan. As of June 1, 2019, the city had an estimated population of 1,199,391.
The gross domestic product (GDP) in Greater Hiroshima, Hiroshima Urban Employment Area, was US$61.3 billion as of 2010. Kazumi Matsui has been the city's mayor since April 2011.
Hiroshima was founded in 1598 as a castle town on the Ōta River delta. Following the Meiji Restoration in 1868, Hiroshima rapidly transformed into a major urban centre and industrial hub. In 1889, Hiroshima officially gained city status.
The city was a centre of military activities during the imperial era, playing significant roles such as in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War, and the two world wars.
Hiroshima was the first city targeted by a nuclear weapon. This occurred on August 6, 1945, at 8:15 a.m., when the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) dropped the atomic bomb "Little Boy" on the city.
Most of the city was destroyed, and by the end of the year, 90,000–166,000 had died as a result of the blast and its effects.
The Hiroshima Peace Memorial (a UNESCO World Heritage Site) serves as a memorial of the bombing.
Since being rebuilt after the war, Hiroshima has become the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshu, the largest island of Japan.
Hiroshima Day is observed on 6 August.
It is the day when in 1945 an atomic bomb was dropped in the city of Hiroshima, Japan. On this day first-time use of the nuclear weapon was seen and just after three days of Hiroshima another nuclear weapon was dropped in Nagasaki.
These bombings ended Second World War. The annual event is organised by the Galway Alliance Against War in Eyre Square. It marks the anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the United States in 1945. To promote "peace politics" the Galway Alliance Against War hold the event every year with various programs like music, song, dance etc.
Let us tell you that during World War II on 6 August 1945, United State dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima in Japan by an American B-29 bomber. Do you know the explosion of the bomb wiped out around 90% of the city and around 80,000 people were killed instantly, around 35,000 people were injured not only this year afterwards people suffered for horrible burns and radiation sickness.
After three days another atomic bomb was dropped in Nagasaki, Japan. As a result, Emperor of Japan Hirohito announced unconditional surrender in World War II on radio on 15 August by informing the devastating power of a new and most cruel bomb.
Till now people didn't saw again the use of nuclear bombs on civilians but what people suffered in Japan even can't be explained. The situations at that time become worst. People suffered several types of diseases due to exposure to radiation and even tens of thousands died later on also.
When the bomb was exploded in Hiroshima, Japan, the city was struck by a flash of blinding light and then a giant shaped cloud was formed like a mushroom. In fact, with a 2.5 km of radius, the bomb blast had flattened the buildings. Let us tell you that before the dropping of the bomb there were around 90,000 buildings in Hiroshima and after the bomb blast, only 28,000 have remained.
Several thousands of people were killed and injured. As we know that it was not a normal bomb, people suffered a lot even later on also. The nuclear radiation that came out from the bomb when it was exploded caused horrible illness among people. Because of these injuries, thousands of more people have died and the sickness caused due to the radiation followed weeks, months and years.
What is the reason for the U.S dropping the bomb?
As we know that during Second World War Japan was against America and its allies including Britain and the Soviet Union.
The allies were winning the war and Japan was pushed back from several locations. Fighting during the war was very horrible. Several soldiers were dying every day. Japan had been at war for so many years.
And as a result countries near to it like China and Japan together had attacked America. Everywhere there were soldiers of Japanese troops and were very cruel. They were so cruel that the soldiers of Britishers and Americans who had surrendered were treated very badly by Japanese soldiers.
The president of the US Harry S Truman wanted to surrender Japanese soldiers as quickly as possible so that he could save lives. So, he threw a nuclear bomb with the view that the Japanese while seeing the destruction will surrender.
The US wanted to avoid the invasion of Japan via land. As it could take around 250,000 US soldiers lives because 2.5 million Japanese troops were stationed. According to some historians, the US also wanted to avoid Japan being occupied by the Soviet Union. And so, America dropped the nuclear bomb in Hiroshima, Japan.
So, this is all about the Little boy nuclear bomb that was dropped on 6 August at Hiroshima, Japan and destroyed almost all the city.