Increase in Institutional Deliveries Under Janani Suraksha Yojana -JSY

Increase in Institutional Deliveries Under Janani Suraksha Yojana -JSY
Janani Suraksha Yojana

institutional deliveries reported by the States/UTs during the period from April to December 2019 is 1.54 Crore in comparison to 1.33 Crore for the corresponding period for the current year i.e. from April to December 2020 as reported in Health Management Information System (HMIS).

Keeping in view the importance of institutional deliveries, several initiatives have been taken by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare so as to ensure smooth provisioning of health services by the States / UTs including maternal health, child health, immunization, etc. Regular monitoring and video conferences were held with the States/UTs highlighting the necessity of continued services during COVID times.

The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare also shared ‘Guidance Note on Provision of Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child, Adolescent Health Plus Nutrition (RMNCAH+N) Services during & post COVID-19 Pandemic’  and ‘Enabling Delivery of Essential Health Services during COVID-19 Outbreak’ on 14th April 2020 and 24th May 2020 respectively.

 State/UT-wise details of Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) beneficiaries

Sl.

No

States/UTs

2018-19

2019-20

1

A & N Islands

251

328

2

Andhra Pradesh

272912

258726

3

Arunachal Pradesh

13706

15774

4

Assam

322351

357557

5

Bihar

1392290

1406634

6

Chandigarh

610

572

7

Chhattisgarh

334120

339315

 

D & N Haveli

1715

1816

 

Daman & Diu

91

105

8

D & N Haveli  and Daman & Diu

 

 

9

Delhi

10596

9556

10

Goa

495

417

11

Gujarat

239562

227350

12

Haryana

31409

37134

13

Himachal Pradesh

14435

15364

14

Jammu & Kashmir

136364

120484

15

Jharkhand

421794

389749

16

Karnataka

325197

498557

17

Kerala

108019

89637

18

Ladakh

 

 

19

Lakshadweep

982

1286

20

Madhya Pradesh

992039

1069712

21

Maharashtra

303518

381708

22

Manipur

14303

5427

23

Meghalaya

19515

22712

24

Mizoram

12781

11145

25

Nagaland

12139

9980

26

Odisha

475867

465341

27

Puducherry

2874

2592

28

Punjab

70716

69479

29

Rajasthan

1031468

967793

30

Sikkim

2435

3102

31

Tamil Nadu

419734

421182

32

Telangana

260405

270883

33

Tripura

15741

12545

34

Uttar Pradesh

2069740

2585170

35

Uttarakhand

79543

78574

36

West Bengal

631140

587497

NATIONAL

10040857

10735203

Note:  DATA as reported by States/UTs.

 

The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Sh. Ashwini Kumar Choubey stated this in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha here today.

What is Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)

Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) being implemented with the objective of reducing maternal and neonatal mortality by promoting institutional delivery among the poor pregnant women. The Yojana, launched on 12th April 2005, by the Hon’ble Prime Minister, is being implemented in all states and UTs with special focus on low performing states. JSY is a 100 % centrally sponsored scheme and it integrates cash assistance with delivery and post-delivery care.

The Yojana has identified ASHA, the accredited social health activist as an effective link between the Government and the poor pregnant women in l0 low performing states, namely the 8 EAG states and Assam and J&K and the remaining NE States. In other eligible states and UTs, wherever, AWW ((Anganwadi workers )and TBAs or ASHA  like activist has been engaged in this purpose, she can be associated with this Yojana for providing the services.

Important Features of JSY:

  • The scheme focuses on the poor pregnant woman with special dispensation for states having low institutional delivery rates namely the states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Rajasthan, Orissa and Jammu and Kashmir. While these states have been named as Low Performing States (LPS), the remaining states have been named as High performing States (HPS).
  •  Tracking Each Pregnancy: Each beneficiary registered under this Yojana should have a JSY card along with an MCH card. ASHA/AWW/ any other identified link worker under the overall supervision of the ANM and the MO, PHC should mandatorily prepare a micro-birth plan.  This will effectively help in monitoring Antenatal Check-up, and post-delivery care.
  •  Eligibility for Cash Assistance:     BPL Certification – This is required in all HPS states. However, where BPL cards have not yet been issued or have not been updated, States/UTs would formulate a simple criterion for certification of the poor and needy status of the expectant mother’s family by empowering the gram pradhan or ward member.
  •   The scale of Cash Assistance for Institutional Delivery:
Disbursement of Cash Assistance: As the cash assistance to the mother is mainly to meet the cost of delivery, it should be disbursed effectively at the institution itself.

 For pregnant women going to a public health institution for delivery, entire cash entitlement should be disbursed to her in one go, at the health institution. Considering that some women would access accrediting private institution for antenatal care, they would require some financial support to get at least 3 ANCs including the TT injections. In such cases, at least three-fourth (3/4) of the cash assistance under JSY should be paid to the beneficiary in one go, importantly, at the time of delivery.