Ten Important Facts That You Should Know About Velu Nachiyar

Sep 20, 2021 - 14:55
Sep 20, 2021 - 14:59
Ten Important Facts That You Should Know About Velu Nachiyar
Rani Velu Nachchiyar

Rani Velu Nachiyar (3 January 1730 – 25 December 1796) was a queen of the Sivaganga estate from c. 1780–1790. She was the first Indian queen to wage war with the East India Company in India. She is known by Tamils as Veeramangai ("brave woman").

Is Velu Nachiyar a freedom fighter? 

Rani Velu Nachiyar was the first queen to fight for freedom from the British in India. She granted powers to the Marudu brothers to administer the country in 1780. Velu Nachiyar died a few years later, on 25 December 1796.

Who is the mother of Velu Nachiyar?

Muthathal Nachiyar

Who is the father of Velu Nachiyar?

Chellamuthu Sethupathy

Who was the faithful friend of Velu Nachiyar?

Velu Nachiyar found safe haven at Virupachi in Dindigul and lived there for eight years under the sanctuary of Gopala Nayaker. During her stay in Dindigul, Velu Nachiyar met Haider Ali, the Sultan and the then ruler of Mysore.

When did Velu Nachiyar born?

3 January 1730

Velu Nachiyar was the princess of Ramanathapuram and the only child of King Chellamuthu Vijayaragunatha Sethupathy and Queen Sakandhimuthathal of the Ramnad kingdom. Nachiyar was trained in many methods of combat, including war match weapons usage, martial arts like Valari, Silambam, horse riding, and archery.

She was a scholar in many languages and was proficient in languages like French, English and Urdu. She married the king of Sivagangai, with whom she had a daughter. When her husband, Muthu Vaduganatha Periyavudaya Thevar was killed in a battle with EIC soldiers, she was drawn into the conflict.

She escaped the battlefield with her daughter. During this period, she formed an army and sought an alliance with Hyder Ali with the aim of launching a campaign against the East India Company in 1780.

When Velu Nachiyar found the place where the EIC stored some of their ammunition, she arranged a suicide attack on the location, blowing it up. Nachiyar inherited the kingdom of her husband and ruled it for ten more years.

In 1790, the throne was inherited by her daughter Vellucci. She granted powers to her daughter with the Marudu brothers to help with the administration of the kingdom in 1780. Velu Nachiyar died a few years later, on 25 December 1796.

On 31 December 2008, a commemorative postage stamp in her name was released. OVM Dance Academy of Chennai presenting "VELU NACHIYAR" a Grand Dance Ballet on Sivaganga Queen.

Professor A.L.I., a Tamil-American hip-hop artist, released a song dedicated to Velu Nachiyar entitled "Our Queen" as part of his Tamilmatic album in 2016.

On 21 August 2017, a grand dance ballet was conducted in Naradha Gana Sabha in Chennai depicting the life history of the Queen Velu Nachiyar.

The play was directed by Sriram Sharma, who researched on the Queen's life history for almost a decade.

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