The Mansabdar: A look back into the history: Short Note
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Who are mansabdars and Jagirdars?
Salary of Mansabdars: In cash and land The Mansabdars were paid according to their ranks. They were paid a good amount of money. Those Mansabdars, who were paid in cash, were called Naqdi. Those Mansabdars who were paid through land (Jagirs) were called Jagirdars.
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Who was a mansabdar ?
Mansabdar means a man with a mansab (a position or rank), and mansabdari was a grading system to decide the rank, salary and military responsibilities of government officials.
What is the difference between mansab and Jagir?
Mansabdars were answerable to the emperor. Jagirdari referred to the division of empire into number of small areas called 'Jagirs' and the person responsible for the maintenance of the financial system of the area was called Jagirdar. ... The Jagirdar had to hand over the collected revenue to the central empire.
The responsibilities of the mansabdars were – -A mansabdar had to perform civil and military duties as and when asked. -A mansabdar holding a rank of 5,000 had to maintain 340 horses, 100 elephants, 400 camels, 100 mules and 160 carts. -For every ten cavalry men, the mansabdar had to maintain twenty horses for horses that had to be provided rest while on a march and replacements were necessary in times of war. -The mansabdar had to bring his cavalrymen for review, get them registered and get their horses branded.
What role did Mansabdars and Jagirdars play?
The emperor can raise the rank of the Mansabdar by increasing the number allotted to a Mansabdar. ... Further, those Mansabdars, who were paid in cash, were called Naqdi and those paid through Jagirs were called Jagirdars. No mansabdar could hold on to the said Jagir for a long term and they were liable for transfer.
The Mansabdar (Persian: منصبدار, Hindi: मनसबदार, romanized: mansabdaar, Bengali: মনসবদার, romanized: monsobdaar) was a military unit within the administrative system of the Mughal Empire introduced by Akbar. The word mansab is of Arabic origin meaning rank or position.
The system determined the rank and status of a government official and military generals. Every civil and military officer was given a mansab, which determined their salaries & allowances.
The term manasabadar means a person having a mansab. (which means a role) In the mansabdari system founded by Akbar, the mansabdars were military commanders, high civil and military officers, and provincial governors.
Those mansabdars whose rank was one thousand or below were called Amir, while those above 1,000 were called Amir-al Kabir (Great Amir). Some great Amirs whose ranks were above 5,000 were also given the title of Amir-al Umara (Amir of Amirs).
It was a system whereby nobles were granted the rights to hold a jagir, or revenue assignment (not land itself), for services rendered by them, with the direct control of these nobles in the hands of the king.
Asad Yar Jung mentioned 66 grades of mansabdars, but in practice there were around 33 mansabs. During the early reign of Akbar, the lowest grade was ten and the highest was 5,000(later raised to 7,000). Higher mansabs were given to princes and Rajput rulers who accepted the suzerainty of the emperor.