The scenario of Mineral Resources in Gujarat State India
Lignite, Natural Gas, Petroleum (Crude), Bauxite, Limestone etc were reported from Gujarat. The value of Minor Minerals production is estimated as Rs. 6750 crores for the year 2018-19. There were 185 reporting mines in 2018-19 in case of MCDR minerals. In the year 2018-19, the production of Bauxite, Lignite, Manganese Ore, Marl, Natural Gas(ut.) and Sulphur got reduced by 39%, 9%, 100%, 4%, 16% and 3% respectively whereas the production of Limestone and Petroleum (Crude) increased.
Gujarat is the sole producer of chalk and is the principal producer of clay (others), fluorite (graded), kaolin, silica sand, lignite, petroleum & natural gas and marl in the country. The State is the sole holder of the country's chalk, marl and perlite resources and possesses 66% fluorite, 28% diatomite, 25% bentonite, 18% granite, 12% wollastonite, 10% limestone and 9% bauxite resources.
The important mineral occurrences in the State are:-
bauxite in Amreli, Bhavnagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kheda, Kachchh, Porbandar, Sabarkantha & Valsad districts;
ball clay in Banaskantha, Bharuch, Kachchh & Patan districts;
bentonite in Amreli, Bhavnagar, Jamnagar, Kachchh & Sabarkantha districts;
china clay in Amreli, Banaskantha, Bhavnagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kachchh, Mahesana & Sabarkantha districts;
chalk in Porbandar district; diatomite in Bhavnagar district;
dolomite in Bhavnagar & Vadodara districts;
fireclay in Bharuch, Kachchh, Mehsana, Rajkot, Sabarkantha, Surat & Surendranagar districts;
fluorite in Vadodara & Bharuch districts;
gypsum in Bhavnagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kachchh and Surendranagar districts;
lignite in Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Kachchh & Surat districts;
limestone in Amreli, Banaskantha, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kheda, Kachchh, Panchmahals, Porbandar, Rajkot, Sabarkantha, Surat, Vadodara & Valsad districts;
marl in Amreli, Junagadh & Porbandar district; ochre in Banaskantha, Bhavnagar & Kachchh districts; perlite in Rajkot district;
petroleum and natural gas in oil fields of Ankaleshwar, Kalol, Navgam, Balol & Cambay in Cambay onshore and offshore basins;
quartz/silica sand in Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Dahod, Kheda, Kachchh, Panchmahals, Rajkot, Sabarkantha, Surat, Surendranagar, Vadodara & Valsad districts; and talc/soapstone/steatite in Sabarkantha district.
Other minerals that occur in the State are:
apatite and rock phosphate in Panchmahals district;
calcite in Amreli & Bharuch districts; copper ore in Banaskantha district;
granite in Banaskantha, Mahesana & Sabarkantha districts; graphite in Panchmahals district; lead-zinc and marble in Banaskantha & Vadodara districts; manganese ore in Panchmahals & Vadodara districts; vermiculite in Vadodara district; and wollastonite in Banaskantha district. The lignite resources are located in Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Kachchh and Surat districts.