World Development RReport( WDR) - What is this Report and who publishes this, why this WDR is so important
The World Development Report (WDR) is an annual report published since 1978 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) or World Bank. Each WDR provides in-depth analysis of a specific aspect of economic development. Past reports have considered such topics as agriculture, youth, equity, public services delivery, the role of the state, transition economies, labour, infrastructure, health, the environment, risk management, and poverty. The reports are the Bank's best-known contribution to thinking about development.
The World Development Report (WDR) is an annual report published since 1978 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) or World Bank. Each WDR provides an in-depth analysis of a specific aspect of economic development. Past reports have considered such topics as agriculture, youth, equity, public services delivery, the role of the state, transition economies, labour, infrastructure, health, the environment, risk management, and poverty. The reports are the Bank's best-known contribution to thinking about development.
Finance for an Equitable Recovery
Examines the central role of finance in the economic recovery from the pandemic. It highlights the consequences of the crisis most likely to affect emerging economies and advocates a set of policies to mitigate the interconnected financial risks stemming from the pandemic and steer economies toward a sustainable and equitable recovery.
Data for Better Lives
Explores the tremendous potential of the changing data landscape to improve the lives of poor people, while also acknowledging its potential to open back doors that can harm individuals, businesses, and societies. To address this tension between the helpful and harmful potential of data,
Trading for Development in the Age of Global Value Chains
The World Development Report 2020 examines whether there is still a path to development through GVCs and trade. It concludes that technological change is at this stage more a boon than a curse.
The Changing Nature of Work
The World Development Report 2019 studies how the nature of work is changing as a result of advances in technology today. Fears that robots will take away jobs from people have dominated the discussion over the future of work, but the World Development Report 2019 finds that on balance this appears to be unfounded.
LEARNING to Realize Education’s Promise
This World Development Report 2018 is the first ever devoted entirely to education. It explores four main themes:
1) education’s promise;
2) the need to shine a light on learning;
3) how to make schools work for learners; and
4) how to make systems work for learning.
Governance and the Law
This WDR 2017 addresses these fundamental questions: Why are carefully designed, sensible policies too often not adopted or implemented? When they are, why do they often fail to generate development outcomes such as security, growth, and equity? And why do some bad policies endure?.
The World Development Report 2016 on Digital Dividends assembles the best available evidence on the Internet's potential impact on economic growth, on equity, and on the efficiency of public service provision. The report analyzes what factors have allowed some governments, firms and households to benefit from the Internet, and identify the barriers that limit gains elsewhere.
Mind, Society, and Behavior
The World Development Report 2015 shows how a richer view of human behaviour can help achieve development. It shows how a more subtle view of human behaviour provides new tools for interventions.
Risk and Opportunity The 2014 World Development Report examines how improving risk management can lead to larger gains in development and poverty reduction. It argues that improving risk management is crucial to reduce the negative impacts of shocks and hazards, but also to enable people to pursue new opportunities for growth.
Jobs The 2013 World Development Report on Jobs helps explain and analyze the connection between jobs and important dimensions of economic and social development. It provides analytical tools to identify the obstacles to sustained job creation and examine differences in the nature of jobs.
Gender Equality and Development The 2012 World Development Report on Gender Equality and Development finds that women's lives around the world have improved dramatically, but gaps remain in many areas. The authors use a conceptual framework to examine progress to date and then recommend policy actions.
Conflict, Security, and Development Conflict causes human misery, destroys communities and infrastructure, and can cripple economic prospects. The goal of this World Development Report is to contribute concrete, practical suggestions to the debate on how to address and overcome violent conflict and fragility.
Development and Climate Change The main message of the report is that a "climate-smart" world is possible if we act now, act together, and act differently.
Reshaping Economic Geography Places do well when they promote transformations along the dimensions of economic geography: higher densities as cities grow; shorter distances as workers and businesses migrate closer to density, and fewer divisions as nations lower their economic borders and enter world markets to take advantage of scale and trade-in specialized products. WDR 2009 2009 concludes that the transformations along these three dimensions of density, distance, and division are essential for development and should be encouraged.
Agriculture for Development
In the 21st century, agriculture continues to be a fundamental instrument for sustainable development and poverty reduction. WDR 2008 concludes that agriculture alone will not be enough to massively reduce poverty, but it is an essential component of effective development strategies for most developing countries.
Development and the Next Generation
Developing countries which invest in better education, healthcare, and job training for their record numbers of young people between the ages of 12 and 24 years of age, could produce surging economic growth and sharply reduced poverty, according to this report.
Equity and Development
Inequality of opportunity, both within and among nations, sustains extreme deprivation, results in wasted human potential and often weakens prospects for overall prosperity and economic growth, concludes this report.
A Better Investment Climate for Everyone
Accelerating growth and poverty reduction requires governments to reduce the policy risks, costs, and barriers to competition facing firms of all types - from farmers and micro-entrepreneurs to local manufacturing companies and multinationals - concludes this report.
Making Services Work for Poor People
his report warns that broad improvements in human welfare will not occur unless poor people receive wider access to affordable, better quality services in health, education, water, sanitation, and electricity. Without such improvements, freedom from illness and from illiteracy â two of the most important ways poor people can escape poverty â will remain elusive to many.
Sustainable Development in a Dynamic World Without better policies and institutions, social and environmental strains may derail development progress, leading to higher poverty levels and a decline in the quality of life for everybody, according to this report.
Building Institutions for Markets: Weak institutions â tangled laws, corrupt courts, deeply biased credit systems, and elaborate business registration requirements â hurt poor people and hinder development, according to this report.
Attacking Poverty: This report focuses on the dimensions of poverty, and how to create a better world, free of poverty. The analysis explores the nature, and evolution of poverty, and its causes, to present a framework for action.
Entering the 21st Century : This report notes that localization--the growing economic and political power of cities, provinces, and other sub-national entities--will be one of the most important new trends in the 21st century.
Knowledge for Development: Knowledge for Development This report analyzes the risks and opportunities that the global information revolution is creating for developing countries, and concludes that access to financial, technical, and medical knowledge is crucial to improving the health and living standards of the poor.