Sri lanka Cricis Explained - UPSC, and it is a Closed Call to Andhra Pradesh Like States to Wakeup before the disaster.
Sri Lanka bankrupt Sri Lanka asked citizens abroad to send home cash 13
Lankan banks placed on rating watch negative, Sri Lanka defaults on 51 billion dollars in external debt, there is trouble in the island paradise, there is no food
at least 500 000 Sri Lankans have fallen into poverty in the last few months, there is no fuel there are no medicines critical surgeries are being cancelled,
doctors say the economic crisis may kill more Lankans than COVID did,there are daily power blackouts and wide-scale protests on the streets
what's happening in Sri Lanka is much more than an economic crisis. it is a humanitarian crisis
the question is how did it happen how did Colombo lose all its money the Lankan crisis has numerous explanations there is a problem with the country's policy then there are political factors beyond Lanka's control what people like to call fate and then
there is china, is the root cause of many problems in Sri Lanka and elsewhere we'll start with policy
what's happening now is a result of years of mismanagement, you see there's a fundamental problem with Sri Lanka it imports more than it exports it spends more than it earns
there is a trade deficit there's also a budget deficit this double debt is a perfect recipe for disaster
Sri Lanka's response to this disaster has been disastrous instead of trying to narrow down the deficit the country expanded its debt.
Colombo borrowed heavily from countries and agencies,
Today Sri Lanka's debt to GDP ratio is 111 per cent meaning it owes more than it produces.
In 2019 the Asian development bank flagged this problem it said the country's national expenditure exceeds its national income and that its production of tradable goods and services is inadequate
2019 was also the year gote by Rajapaksa was campaigning for presidential elections among his election promises were deep tax cuts basically you vote me to power and I will ensure that you pay less tax well, how will the country make money?
then the voters never asked and go to Bayern never bothered to warn in November 2019 he was elected to office with more than 52 % of the vote
a series of drastic tax cuts followed rating agencies raised an alarm they realized Sri Lanka's state coffers will soon be bleeding and the country may soon run out of money
so Lanka was downgraded to near default levels
as a result, investors fled the country and it became difficult for Sri Lanka to access international markets but gotabaya was not done he made another blunder in April 2021 he banned all chemical fertilizers why good for health he said critics rolled their eyes they realized the real problem was not health but a shortage of dollars Sri Lanka was saving foreign reserves by banning importer fertilizers the move went on to kill farm output this white rice is a staple in Sri Lanka its production fell by 50 per cent around June 2021
Sri Lanka was forced to import rice something like this had not happened in years in july came more bad news Sri Lanka banned the import of luxury goods by now the country was scrambling to save dollars headlines like these made it clear that Sri Lankans needed to brace for storm
well one could also say that Sri Lanka walked into this storm to an extent what's happening now is gotabaya and company's brand of politics backfiring this family's return to power was made possible with the support of Sinhala Buddhists the Rajapakse have tried extra hard to not lose their support in the last three years, Sinhala's sentiments were kept in mind when making decisions involving national and international affairs from a pro-market approach
Sri Lanka switched to a welfare driven mode it invested in infrastructure why because the monks preferred this approach to development Sri Lanka also avoided forming closer ties with India the Rajapaksa has chosen to move closer to china
they've always tried to do that they used bilateral debt to fund infrastructure and expand the Lankan military
Colombo bet on china to drive the Sri Lankan economy china did send some money but it also exported a Wuhan virus while Sri Lanka was never good with money it was china that ensured Colombo goes bankrupt by 2019
Sri Lanka's tourism sector was already suffering from the eastern bombings that had scared Europeans who would holiday in the island nation.
then came the Wuhan virus when borders closed tourists completely stopped arriving and so did the revenue from tourism Sri Lanka depends on tourism for 13 per cent of its GDP tourists are also a source of foreign currency in 2020 Sri Lanka managed to welcome just 173 000 tourists in 2018 the number was 2.3 million you see the gap by 2021 Sri Lanka's tourism revenue was down to 2.8 billion dollars as against 7.5 billion dollars in 2019
the Wuhan virus also hit remittances Lankans abroad stopped sending money so in late 2021 the revenue from tax had fallen agriculture production which accounted for eight per cent of the GDP had also fallen tourism revenue had fallen so had remedies and to top it all there was a raging pandemic and foreign agencies were not lending money to Sri Lanka
what did Colombo do it turned to its neighbours in June 2021 Bangladesh loaned Sri Lanka 200 million dollars in February 2022 India lent 500 million dollars yet Sri Lanka could not sustain in march gotabaya Rajapaksa devalued the Sri Lankan rupee
the idea was to encourage remittances and qualify for a loan from the IMF the international monetary fund but as the Sri Lankan rupee plunged against the dollar the people's purchasing power took a plunge to today one dollar is equal to 320 Sri Lankan rupees the currency has fallen 32 per cent since the beginning of this year back home prices have soared inflation is up 30.2
meaning the price of food has increased by more than 30 per cent a coconut that would previously cost 50 Lankan rupees now costs 91 rupees prices of onions have gone up from 80 to 158 Lankan rupees for a kilo the price of rice has increased 93 chicken costs 55 more lentils 117
so there is soaring inflation huge piles of debt bleeding foreign reserves and a tanking currency everything that could go wrong with the country's economy has gone wrong with Sri Lanka so much for all the politics and appeasement
Today Sri Lankans across ethnic lines are coming together every day to scream go to go the monks have turned against the Rajapaksa.
How much money do you think Sri Lanka currently has less than 1.94 billion dollars this is march and that's a little over the net worth of Kylie Jenner the 24-year-old American model but Sri Lanka needs to feed clothes and give security to 22 million people
with that money it also needs to repay loans Sri Lanka has about 8.6 billion dollars in debt payments that are due this year it's supposed to pay some 78.2 million dollars as interest payments on the 18th of April that's Monday
Colombo has announced that it would be defaulting earlier in April it announced a national emergency as we speak Sri Lankans are fleeing to India we speak Sri Lanka is in dire need of 20 billion dollars that's how much it would need for essential imports like food and fuel and to restart exports.
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