Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LED

In non-subsidized LED lamp distribution projects Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All

Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LED
Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LED

Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA) was launched by PM NAMO 

Track the real time performance dash board here :- http://www.ujala.gov.in/ 

Energy efficiency assumes significance for the nation in the current environment of shortages and concerns over climate change. The lighting itself accounts for about 20% of the total electricity consumption in India. Hon’ble Prime Minister, on 5th January 2015 launched the Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All(UJALA) to provide LED bulbs to domestic consumers with a target to replace 770 million incandescent bulbs with LED bulbs by March 2019.

1.2 Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a government company under the administrative control of Ministry of Power, Government of India, has been designated as the implementing agency for this programme. For domestic lights, EESL service model enables domestic households to procure LED lights at an affordable price of $0.154/- each and the balance on easy instalment from their electricity bill.
1.3 The programme target energy efficiency in lighting as it offers enormous opportunity to save energy. Most of the lighting needs in domestic and public sector are met by conventional lights, including highly inefficient incandescent bulbs in the domestic sector. LED provides better light output than conventional light and are 88% energy efficient as compared to incandescent bulbs. Further LED lights are 50% energy efficient as compared to CFLs.
1.4 Initially 100 cities had been taken up for coverage under the programme. As per the statistics of the lighting manufacturers association ELCOMA, about 770 million incandescent bulbs were sold in 2013- 14. If all these are replaced by LEDs, the total reduction in connected load in the country is estimated to be 20,000 MW and energy savings of 100 billion kWh every year. The total saving in electricity bills of consumers will be USD 6.16 billion every year, considering an average tariff of $0.06 per kWh. The total cost charged to consumers by EESL is $1.08 (including GST) and is less than savings of 1 year. The bulb will function for at least 10-15 years and all savings after one year is of the consumer. 

Objectives of the National Programme

The programme is designed to reduce energy consumption in the lighting sector and to promote LED-based efficient lighting products. The key objectives of the programmes are as follows:
  • (a) Reduce energy consumption in lighting which helps DISCOMs to manage peak demand. 
  • (b) Promote the use of the most efficient lighting technology at affordable rates to domestic consumers
    which benefits them by way of the reduced energy bill.
  • (c) Enhance the awareness of consumers about the efficacy of using efficient appliances which in turn
    could change their buying preferences from low first cost based purchases to lifecycle cost.
  • (d) Increase the demand of LED lights by aggregating requirements across the country and provide an
    impetus to domestic lighting industry through economies of size.
  • (e) Encourage and support domestic manufacturing of LED bulbs by sustaining demand making it
    consistent with the ‘Make in India’ policy of the Government.
  • (f) Provide a sustainable service model that obviates the need for upfront capital investment as well as
    additional revenue expenditure to pay for the procurement of LED lights. The total cost paid by consumers is
    less than the total savings on electricity bills. 
  • (g) Create an understanding about the service model amongst all stakeholders such as industry, government agencies, financial institutions, etc. so that market-based energy efficiency can happen.
  • (h) Provide a base model which can not only be replicated in lighting energy efficiency but also in host of other energy-using appliances in domestic and other sectors. For instance, UJALA service model could be used for domestic appliances like fans, refrigerators, ACs, etc. where the consumer preference for purchase is still dictated by first cost and the level of penetration of energy-efficient equipment in less than 10%.
  • (i) Create robust arrangements for monitoring and verification of energy savings in a simple and transparent manner.
  • (j) Standardise agreements, technical specifications, payments security mechanisms, implementation methodologies, etc. that can reduce the transaction cost and can stimulate replication.
  • (k) Create an enabling environment for private sector investments in the lighting sector.

Programme Targets

No of LED lights to be replaced in 3 years 770 million
Expected annual energy savings 100 billion kWh
Expected reduction in installed load 20,000 MW
Estimated capital investment (excluding O&M cost) $ 1.23 billion
Annual estimated GHG emission reductions 79 million tonnes of CO2