Understand The Background Of LGBT & Rights Now

Aug 21, 2021 - 15:32
Understand The Background Of LGBT & Rights Now

Rights affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or jurisdiction – encompassing everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty for homosexuality.

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Notably, as of January 2021, 29 countries recognized same-sex marriage. By contrast, not counting non-state actors and extrajudicial killings, only one country is believed to impose the death penalty on consensual same-sex sexual acts: Iran.

The death penalty is officially law but generally not practised in Afghanistan, Brunei, Mauritania, Nigeria (in the northern third of the country), Saudi Arabia, Somalia (in the autonomous state of Jubaland) and the United Arab Emirates.

Sudan rescinded its unenforced death penalty for anal sex (hetero- or homosexual) in 2020. Fifteen countries have stoning on the books as a penalty for adultery, which would include gay sex, but this is only enforced by the legal authorities in Iran. In 2011, the United Nations Human Rights Council passed its first resolution recognizing LGBT rights, following which the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights issued a report documenting violations of the rights of LGBT people, including hate crimes, criminalization of homosexual activity, and discrimination. Following the issuance of the report, the United Nations urged all countries which had not yet done so to enact laws protecting basic LGBT rights.

Scope of laws for LGBTQ :

Laws that affect LGBT people include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • laws concerning the recognition of same-sex relationships, including same-sex marriage, civil unions, and domestic partnerships
  • laws concerning LGBT parenting, including adoption by LGBT people
  • anti-discrimination laws in employment, housing, education, public accommodations
  • anti-bullying legislation to protect LGBT children at school
  • hate crime laws imposing enhanced criminal penalties for prejudice-motivated violence against LGBT people
  • bathroom bills affecting access to sex-segregated facilities by transgender people
  • laws related to sexual orientation and military service
  • laws concerning access to assisted reproductive technology
  • sodomy laws that penalize consensual same-sex sexual activity. These may or may not target homosexuals, males or males and females, or leave some homosexual acts legal.
  • adultery laws that same-sex couples are subject to
  • age of consent laws that may impose higher ages for same-sex sexual activity
  • laws regarding the donation of blood by men who have sex with men
  • laws concerning access to sex reassignment surgery and hormone replacement therapy
  • legal recognition and accommodation of reassigned gender.

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