In India, coffee is traditionally grown in the Western Ghats spread over Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Coffee cultivation is also being expanding rapidly in the non-traditional areas of AP and Odisha as well as in the North-East states. Coffee is predominantly an export-oriented commodity and 65% to 70% of the coffee produced in the country is exported while the rest is consumed within the country. Indian coffee industry earns foreign exchange to the tune of about Rs.4000 Crores. Indian coffee has created a niche for itself in the international market and the Indian Coffees are earning high premiums, particularly Indian Robusta which is highly preferred for its good blending quality. Arabica Coffee from India is also well received in the international market. Coffee is an export product with low import intensity and high employment content. This is evident from the fact that more than six lakh persons are directly employed and an equal numbers of individuals get indirect employment from this sector.
|Specialty coffees are high-quality coffees that differ from normal coffee with relevance to visual quality or cup or both. Specialty coffees are broadly classified into five categories based on their unique features:|
1. Decaffeinated Coffee: Coffee with the caffeine removed artificially is known as decaffeinated coffees. There is a prominent segment of consumers preferring decaf coffees owing to health consciousness.
2. Organic Coffees: The coffee grown without using chemicals and pesticides are in great demand in the developed countries because of increasing awareness of the health of consumers and the protection of the environment.
3. High Grown Coffees The coffees grown at higher elevations i.e. 4000 ft and above are known to possess a distinct flavour and acidity in the cup due to slower development of beans. The coffees are of high quality with dense beans.
4. Estate Coffee (Single Origin Coffees) : Production of good quality coffee by highlighting the special features of the estate can be classified as estate branded coffees. This may be elevation, variety, cultural practices and special processing techniques. Estate coffees are those that originate on a single form with common soils and with a distinct identity in terms of flavor and aroma characteristics. Estate coffees are generally more expensive and actually define the specialty coffee market.
5. Variety Coffee: Some of the varieties are known to possess good inherent quality due to the genetic makeup of the plant. Fruits from such varieties can be harvested and processed separately to retain the unique quality. Some of the Indian selections like Kents, Agaro, Cioccie, CxR are unique in their cup quality. Separate processing of these varieties helps in processing their intrinsic quality.
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